n order to ensure sufficient anchorage for the prosthesis, the implants must be placed in a sufficient bone volume. When the bone volume is insufficient, it can be surgically increased with bone grafting.
- Autogenous grafts: Bone is taken from the jaw, near the area to be grafted, usually from the palate of the chin or from the area where the patient’s wisdom teeth are located.
- Allogeneic grafts: The lack of bone is filled by a bone graft coming from a donor, or by different materials that first undergo a series of treatments for maximum safety of use.
Bone grafts are followed by a period of healing, during which pain or inflammation may occur. A postoperative follow-up and a possible medication prescription will promote the good progress of this healing period. Your dentist will adjust the postoperative recommendations according to your case.
Gum grafts (allogeneic and autogenous)
A gum graft can restore a nice smile while preserving the teeth. Indeed, teeth can become exposed when unhealthy gums are receding.
The surgery is performed under local anaesthesia, same as for a cavity filling. It lasts from one to two hours and includes the following steps:
- Deep descaling and polishing of the roots are done to remove any germs;
- The gum is thinned over the entire surface to be grafted. It is on this surface that the graft will “cling” to;
- Once the root of the tooth is well cleaned and the gum is prepared to receive the graft, it is now time for the extraction of the graft. In the case of an autogenous transplant, it is done at the level of the palate. The area of the palate where the graft was extracted will heal as easily as a scratch. On the other hand, we more often use allogeneic type grafts because the advantages are more important. Indeed, this type of graft allows to have a single surgery site instead of two, several teeth can be treated at the same time because there is an infinity of available tissue, no problem of thickness or anything else at the site of extraction, shorter surgery time, less discomfort, etc.;
- The graft tissue is placed on the part of the gum where the graft is needed and finely sewn with non-resorbable thread. The suture of the graft is a very important step.
Following your gum graft, we will prescribe antibiotics. Analgesics and anti-inflammatories are also very effective against pain. A complete postoperative follow-up will be done until the area is completely healed.
Dentiste REMA devotes significant attention to providing you with the most appropriate treatments, under optimal conditions of comfort and safety. We offer you personal guidance so that you can smile in all serenity from the beginning to the end of your medical follow-up.
If you have any questions, contact us!